Single tube confirmation PCR protocol
The following colony PCR protocol has been designed to be performed in individual
reaction tubes. We usually test three colonies from each transformation along
with a wild-type control. A series of five different PCR tests are performed
on each colony to confirm both of the novel recombination junctions .
1. Clonal purification
- Pick three colonies from a transformation plate and streak each one out
to single colonies on separate G418 containing plates (200mg/l).
- Incubate at 30°C for two to three days.
*This step reduces background by eliminating aborted transformants.
2. Zymolyase treatment
- Transfer a small portion of a well-isolated colony (~1 mm) into 50 µl
solution containing 60 U/ml of Zymolyase (This solution is generated by resuspending
6 mg of 100T Zymolyase in 10 mls of water. Ordering information: Seikagaku
- Sterile yellow tips work great for this task.
- Repeat this step for each of the 3 isolates and the wild-type control.
- Incubate the Zymolyase solutions at 37 ° C for 30 minutes followed by
10 minutes at 95 ° C.
*It is not necessary to remove the Zymolyase solution by pelleting the cells
before the PCR.
*The Zymolyase treated cells can be stored at 4 ° C for several days before
being used as template for the colony PCR. However, fresher is probably better.
*The amount of cells that gets picked into the Zymolyase does
not seem to be too critical - similar PCR results were obtained when 1 µl,
5 µl or 10 µl of the Zymo treated cells were used as template.
3. PCR reactions
- The lyophilized confirmation primers (~5-10 nmoles of each oligonuleotide)
should be resuspended in 750 µl of TE (final concentration of ~10 µM).
We use 5 µl of each primer in 50 µl PCR reactions (~ 1 µM
final primer concentration).
- Label 20 thin-wall PCR tubes (5 for each isolate) and add the following
primer pairs: A-B, A-kanB, C-D, kanC-D, and A-D. Tubes 1-5 are for isolate
#1, 6-10 are for isolate #2, ..., and tubes 16-20 are for the wild-type control.
Each of the 20 tubes should contain 10 µl of the primer mix (5 µl
of each primer).
- Add the 5 µl of the Zymo treated cells to each of the 20 PCR reactions.
For example, add 5 µl of the Zymo solution from isolate #1 to PCR tubes
1-5, 5 µl of the Zymo solution from isolate #2 to PCR tubes 6-10 and
- Make a PCR master mix by combining: 638 µl water, 110 µl 10
x Taq Buffer, 11 µl NTP's, and 11 µl Taq Polymerase.
- Add 35 µl of the PCR mix to each of the 20 PCR tubes that already
contain the 15 µl of primers and template.
110 µl 5 µl 10 x Taq buffer(see below)
11 µl 0.5 µl 20 mM dNTP's (0.2 mM)
11 µl 0.5 µl Taq Polymerase (2.5 units)
638 µl 22 X 29 µl water
5 µl 10 µM upstream primer: A,C,or kanC (1 µM)
5 µl 10 µM downstream primer:B,kanB,or D(1 µM)
5 µl Zymolyase treated cells
50 µl total volume
*10 x Taq buffer contains: 100 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.4), 500 mM KCl, 15 mM MgCl2.
*The final concentrations are shown in parentheses.
*The Taq Polymerase should be added last and PCR mixture should be kept on
ice until the PCR is started. Alternatively, a "hot start" can be
performed by adding the Taq polymerase to the individual tubes after the PCR
mixtures have been heated to 94°C. Hot start improves the PCR results
but this step is labor intensive and we have not found it to be necessary.
4. PCR conditions:
3 min, 94 °C (initial denaturation)
---> 15 sec, 94 °C
35 cycles: ---> 15 sec, 57 °C
---> 60 sec, 72 °C
3 min, 72 °C (final elongation)
5. Agarose gel electrophoresis
- Add 10 µl 6x loading buffer (30% glycerol, 50mM EDTA, 0.25% bromophenol
blue) to the 50 µl PCR reaction.
- Load 10 µl on a 1.5% agarose gel.
- see example
last updated January 2002 firstname.lastname@example.org